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Dr. Joëlle Gergis

Climate Research Fellow
School of Earth Sciences
University of Melbourne
3010 Melbourne

Expertise & Interests


Overview / specialty        Multi proxy climate reconstruction, Southern Hemisphere climate variability, El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), drought, dendroclimatology, documentary records, science communication.
PAGES interests        2k Network, Africa2k, Antarctica2k, Aus2k, LOTRED-SA, Ocean2k, Future Earth, World Climate Research Programme, PAGES-endorsed projects
Topics        Climate dynamics, Extreme events, Interannual-decadal varaibility, Ocean dynamics, Statistical analysis, Water
Timescales        Anthropocene (last 100 years), Future projection, Last millennia
Regions        Africa, Antarctic region, Asia, Australasia, Global, Mid-latitude Southern Hemisphere, Tropics/subtropics, World ocean
Archives        Corals/bivalves, Documentary records, Ice cores/glaciers, Instrumental records, Lake sediments, Speleothems, Tree rings
Sector        Research
Discipline        (Paleo)climatology



Hope, P., Henley, B.J, Gergis, J., Brown, J., and Ye, H. (2016). Time varying spectral characteristics of ENSO over the last millennium. Climate Dynamics (in review).

PAGES2k Consortium, including Aus2k coauthor Gergis, J., (2016). A global multi-proxy database for temperature reconstructions of the Common Era. Scientific Data (in review).

Ashcroft, L., Allan, R.J., Benoy, M., Bridgman, H., Gergis, J., Pudmenzky, C., and Thornton, K. (2016). Current climate data rescue activities in Australia. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences (in press).

Gergis, J., Neukom, R., Gallant, A., and Karoly, D.J. (2016). Australasian temperature reconstructions spanning the last millennium. Journal of Climate 29: 5365–5392.

Abram, N.J., McGregor, H.V., Tierney, J.E., Evans, M.N., McKay, N.P., Kaufman, D.S., K.J., Thirumalai, K., Martrat, B., Goosse, H., Phipps, S.J., Steig, E.J., Kilbourne, K.H., Saenger, C.P., Zinke, J., Leduc, G., Addison, J.A., Mortyn, P.G., Seidenkrantz, M.S., Sicre, M.A., Selvaraj, K., Filipsson,H.L., Neukom, R., Gergis, J., Curran, M., and von Gunten, L. (2016). The onset of industrial-era warming across the oceans and continents. Nature 536 (7617): 411-418.

Oreskes, N., Conway, E.M., Karoly, D.J., Gergis, J., Neu, U., and Pfister, C., (2016). The denial of global warming. Palgrave Handbook of Climate History (in press).

Damodaran, V., Allan, R.J., Ogilvie, A.E., Demarée, G.R., Gergis, J., Mikami, T., Mikhail, A., Nicolson, S.E., Norgarrd, S., and Hamilton, J. (2016). The 1780s: Global Climate Anomalies, Floods, Droughts and Famines. Palgrave Handbook of Climate History (in press).

Gergis, J., and Henley, B.J. (2016). Southern Hemisphere rainfall variability over the past 200 years. Climate Dynamics DOI 10.1007/s00382-016-3191-7.

Gergis, J., Ashcroft, L. and Garden, D. (2016). A climate history of Australia. Palgrave Handbook of Climate History (in press).

PAGES2k–PMIP3 Group: Bothe, O., Evans, M., Fernández Donado, L., Garcia Bustamante, E., Gergis, J., Gonzalez-Rouco, J.F., Goosse, H., Hegerl, G., Hind, A., Jungclaus, J., Kaufman,D., Lehner, F., McKay, N., Moberg, A., Raible, C.C., Schurer, A., Shi, F., Smerdon, J. E., von Gunten, L., Wagner, S., Warren, E., Widmann, M., Yiou, P., Zorita, E. (2015). Continental-scale temperature variability in PMIP3 simulations and PAGES 2k regional temperature reconstructions over the past millennium. Climate of the Past 11 (3): 2483-2555.

Brown, J., Hope, P., Gergis, J, and Henley, B.J. (2015). ENSO teleconnections with Australian rainfall in coupled model simulations of the last millennium. Climate Dynamics DOI 10.1007/s00382-015-2824-6.

Ashcroft, L., Gergis, J. and Karoly, D.J. (2015). Long-term stationarity of El Niño—Southern Oscillation teleconnections in southeastern Australia. Climate Dynamics 46 (9): 2991-3006.

Henley, B.J., Gergis, J., Karoly, D.J., Power, S., Kennedy, J. and Folland, C. (2015). A Tripole Index for the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation. Climate Dynamics DOI 10.1007/s00382-015-2525-1

Ashcroft, L., Gergis, J. and Karoly, D.J. (2014). A historical climate dataset for southeastern Australia,1788–1859. Geoscience Data Journal DOI: 10.1002/gdj3.1.

Pearson, S., Cork, S., Zammitt, C., Plant, R., Gergis, J., Gell, P., Dodson, J., Richard Thackway, R., Sealie, L., Lynch, J. and Taffs, K. (2015). The use of natural archives of ecosystem services, resilience and thresholds to improve policy, science and practice. The Holocene 25(2) 366–378.

Fenby, C., Garden, D., and Gergis, J. (2014). ‘The usual weather in New South Wales is uncommonly bright and clear…equal to the finest summer day in England: Climate and Weather in New South Wales, 1788–1815,’ in Climate, Science and Colonization: Histories from Australia and New Zealand, edited by James Beattie, Matthew Henry and Emily O’Gorman, New York, Palgrave Macmillan, pp 43–60.

Neukom, R., Gergis J., Karoly, D.J., Frank, D., Villalba, R., Zinke, J., Linsley, B., Raible, C., González-Rouco, F. and Steig, E. (2014). Southern Hemisphere temperature variability over the last millennium, Nature Climate Change 4: 362–367.

Ashcroft, L., Karoly, D.J. and Gergis, J. (2013). South-eastern Australian climate 1860–2009: a multivariate approach. International Journal of Climatology DOI: 10.1002/joc.3812.

Mills, K., Gell, P., Gergis, J., Baker, P., Finlayson, M., Hesse, P., Jones, R., Kershaw, P., Pearson, S., Treble, P., Barr, C., Brookhouse, M., Drysdale, R., McDonald, J., Haberle, S., Reid, M., Thoms, M., Tibby, J. (2013). Palaeoclimate studies and natural resource management in the Murray-Darling Basin II: unravelling past human impact and climate variability. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences DOI: 10.1080/08120099.2013.804879.

Phipps, S., McGregor, H., Gergis, J., Gallant, A. J. E., Neukom, R., Stevenson, S., van Ommen, T., Brown, J., Fischer, M. and Ackerley, D. (2013). Palaeoclimate data–model comparison: Concepts and application to the climate of Australasia over the past 1500 years. Journal of Climate 26, 6915–6936.

PAGES Regional 2K consortium including Aus2K coauthors Gergis, J., Lorrey A.M and Phipps, S.J. (2013). Continental-scale temperature variability during the past two millennia, Nature Geoscience 6: 339–346.

Fenby, C. and Gergis, J. (2013). A rainfall history of south-eastern Australia Part 1: a consolidation of pre-instrumental evidence from documentary sources, 1788–1860. International Journal of Climatology DOI: 10.1002/joc.3640.

Gergis, J., and Ashcroft, L. (2013). A rainfall history of south-eastern Australia Part 2: a comparison of documentary, early instrumental and palaeoclimate records, 1788–2008. International Journal of Climatology DOI: 10.1002/joc.3639.

Ashcroft, L., Karoly D. and Gergis, J. (2012). Southeastern Australian temperature variations 1860–2011. Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Journal 62: 227–245.

Neukom, R. and Gergis, J. (2012). Southern Hemisphere high resolution palaeoclimate records of the past 2000 years. The Holocene, 5: 501–524.

Fowler, A. M., Boswijk, G., Lorrey, A.M., Gergis, J., Pirie, M., McCloskey, S. , Palmer, J. and Wunder, J. (2012). Multi-centennial tree-ring record of ENSO-related activity in New Zealand. Nature Climate Change, 2, 172–176.

Gergis, J., Gallant, A. J. E., Braganza, K., Karoly, D. J., Allen, K., Cullen, L., D’Arrigo, R., Goodwin, I., Grierson, P. and McGregor, S. (2012). On the long-term context of the 1997-2009 ‘Big Dry’ in south-eastern Australia: insights from a 206-year multi-proxy rainfall reconstruction. Climatic Change, 111 (3): 923–944.

Gallant, A. J. E., and Gergis, J. (2011). An experimental streamflow reconstruction for the River Murray, Australia, 1783–1988, Water Resources Research 47, W00G04, doi:10.1029/2010WR009832.

Gergis, J., Garden, D. and Fenby, C. (2010). The influence of climate on the first European settlement of Australia: a comparison of weather journals, documentary data and palaeoclimate records, 1788–1793. Environmental History, 15(3):1–23.

Gergis, J., Brohan, P. and Allan, R.J. (2010). The weather of the First Fleet voyage to Botany Bay, 1787–1788. Weather 65 (12): 315-319.

Gergis, J., Karoly, D.J. and Allan, R.J. (2009). A climate reconstruction of Sydney Cove, New South Wales, using weather journal and documentary data, 1788–1791. Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Journal 58 83-98.

Gergis, J. (2008).Documentary accounts of the impacts of past climate variability on the early colony of New South Wales, 1788–1791: a preliminary analysis. Bulletin of the Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society, 21(5), 103-107.

Braganza, K., Gergis, J., Power, S., Risbey, J. and Fowler, A. (2009). A multiproxy index of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, A.D. 1525-1982, Journal of Geophysical Research (Atmospheres) D05106, doi:10.1029/2008JD010896: p1-17.

Gergis, J. and Fowler, A. (2009). A history of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events since A.D. 1525; implications for future climate change. Climatic Change 92(3): 343-387.

Fowler, A.M., Boswijk, G., Gergis, J. and Lorrey, A. (2008). ENSO history recorded in Agathis australis (Kauri) tree-rings Part A: Kauri’s potential as an ENSO proxy. International Journal of Climatology 28(1):1–20.

Gergis, J. and Fowler, A. (2006). How unusual was late Twentieth Century El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO)? Assessing evidence from tree-ring, coral, ice and documentary archives, A.D. 1525-2002. Advances in Geosciences, 6: 173-179.

Gergis, J., Fowler, A., Braganza, K., Risbey, J. and Mooney, S (2006). Reconstructing El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) from high-resolution palaeoarchives. Journal of Quaternary Science, 21(7):707-722.

Gergis, J. and Fowler, A. (2005). Classification of synchronous oceanic and atmospheric El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events for palaeoclimate reconstruction. International Journal of Climatology, 25: 1541–1565.